Bihar has been one of the earliest places in the Indian Sub Continent where mystic Sufis has settled. Its earliest adherents belonged to the Christi and Suharwardia order of Sufism. The Qadri order, which is now believed to be one of the chief Sufi orders in the state, had one of its prominent representatives, Syed Muhammad of Amjharsarif, based in Aurangabad district of the state.
The advent of Sufism in Bihar and its adjoining areas also lead to the mushrooming of mosque and ' khanqahs' of eminent Sufi saints and preachers. These became center of learning.
There's a mosque of Hazrat Ataullah at Phulwari, bearing an inscription dating to the period of Mughal Emperor Akbar. The madarsas here still impart knowledge on Islamic theology to students. Mulla Abul Hasan of Darbhanga – the saintly scholar who fought against Princess Zebunnisa, the daughter of Mughal Emperor Aurangazeb – And five scholarly members of the Sufi order who compiled the famous Fatwa-I-Alamgiri, were all great saints of their time.
In fact, there are hundreds of holy places associated with Sufi saints in Bihar where Sufism is still a thriving tradition and many important Sufi center still continue to flourish.
If you have a spiritual bent of mind and want to explore the mysticism that has, over the centuries, come to be identified with Sufi saints, Bihar beckons you.